STERCULIUS

Or Stercutius or Sterquilinus, a surname of Saturnus, derived from stercus, manure, because he had promoted agriculture by teaching the people the use of manure. This seems to have been the original meaning, though some Romans state that Sterculius was a surname of Picumnus, the son of Faunus, to whom likewise improvements in agriculture are ascribed. (Macrob. Sat. i. 7; Serv. ad Aen. ix. 4, x. 76; Lactant. i. 20; Plin. H. N. xvii. 9; August. De Civ. Dei, xviii. 15.)