ROMA

1. The personification of the city of Rome, and as such called Dea Roma. Temples were erected to her, not only at Rome, but in other cities of the empire, such as Smyrna (Tac. Ann. iv. 56; Spartian. Hadr. 19). She was represented clad in a long robe, and with a helmet, in a sitting posture, strongly resembling the figures of the Greek Athena. She was in reality the genius of the city of Rome, and was worshipped as such from early times; but it seems that previous to the time of Augustus, there was no temple dedicated to her in the city; but afterwards their number increased in all parts of the empire (Liv. xliii. 5; Tac. Ann. iv. 37; Dion Cass. li. p. 458; P. Vict. Reg. Urb. iv.). As Roma (rhômê) also signified "strength," it is not impossible that the ode of Erinna, addressed to Roma, may be an ode to the personification of strength.

2. A Trojan captive, who advised her fellow captives on the coast of Italy to set fire to the fleet of the Greeks. (Plut. Romtul. 1; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 921.)

3. A daughter of Italus and Lucania, or a daughter of Telephus. In some traditions she was said to have been the wife of Aeneas or Ascanius, and to have given her name to the city of Rome. (Plut. Romul. 2.)

4. A daughter of Evander.