POLYMNIA

ΠΟΛΥΜΝΙΑ

Or Polyhymnia, a daughter of Zeus, and one of the nine Muses. She presided over lyric poetry, and was believed to have invented the lyre. (Hes. Theog. 78; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. iii. 1.) By Oeagrus she became the mother of Orpheus. (Schol. l. c. i. 23.) In works of art she was usually represented in a pensive attitude. (Comp. MUSAE.)

The Muses Melpomene, Erato and Polymnia, by Eustache Le Sueur (1617-1655), French Baroque painter

The Muses Melpomene, Erato and Polymnia, by Eustache Le Sueur (1617-1655), French Baroque painter