PALLAS

ΠΑΛΛΑΣ

1a. A surname of Athena. In Homer this name always appears united with the name Athena, as Pallas Athênê or Pallas Athênaiê ; but in later writers we also find Pallas alone instead of Athena. (Pind. Ol. v. 21.) Plato (Cratyl. p. 406) derives the surname from pallein, to brandish, in reference to the goddess brandishing the spear or aegis, whereas Apollodorus (i. 6. § 2) derives it from the giant Pallas, who was slain by Athena. But it is more probable that Pallas is the same word as pallax, i. e. a virgin or maiden. (Comp. Tzetz. ad Lyc. 355.)

1b. Another female Pallas, described as a daughter of Triton, is mentioned under PALLADIUM.

2. A son of Crius and Eurybia, was one of the Titans, and brother of Astraeus and Perses. He was married to Styx, by whom he became the father of Zelus, Cratos, Bia, and Nice. (Hes. Theog. 376, 383; Paus. vii. 26. § 5, viii. 18, § 1; Apollod. i. 2. § 2, 4.)

3. A son of Megamedes, and father of Selene. (Hom. Hymn. in Merc. 100.)

4. A giant, who, in the fight with the gods, was slain by Athena, and flayed by her. (Apollod. i. 6. § 2.)

5. A son of Lycaon, and grandfather of Evander, is said to have founded the town of Pallantium in Arcadia, where statues were erected both to Pallas and Evander. (Paus. viii. 3. § 1, 44. § 5.) Servius (ad Aen. viii. 54) calls him a son of Aegeus, and states that being expelled by his brother Theseus, he emigrated into Arcadia; and Dionysius of Halicarnassus (i. 33) confounds him with Pallas, the son of Crius.

6. According to some traditions, the father of Athena, who slew him as he was on the point of violating her. (Cic. De Nat. Deor. iii. 23; Tzetz. ad Lyc. 355.)

7. A son of Hercules by Dyna, the daughter of Evander; from her some derived the name of the Palatine hill at Rome. (Dionys. i. 32.)

8. A son of Evander, and an ally of Aeneas, was slain by the Rutulian Turnus. (Virg. Aen. viii. 104, 514, xi. 140, &c.)

9. A son of the Athenian king Pandion, and accordingly a brother of Aegeus, Nisus, and Lycus, was slain by Theseus. The celebrated family of the Pallantidae at Athens traced their origin up to this Pallas. (Apollod. iii. 15. § 5; Paus. i. 22. § 2, 28. § 10; Plut. Thes. 3; Eurip. Hippol. 35.)