AETOLUS

ΑΙΤΩΛΟΣ

1. A son of Endymion and the nymph Neïs, or Iphianassa. (Apollod. i. 7. § 6.) According to Pausanias (v. i. § 2), his mother was called Asterodia, Chromia, or Hyperippe. He was married to Pronoë, by whom he had two sons, Pleuron and Calydon. His brothers were Paeon, Epeius, and others. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Naxos; Conon. Narrat. 14; Schol. ad Pind. Ol. i. 28.) His father compelled him and his two brothers Paeon and Epeius to decide by a contest at Olympia as to which of them was to succeed him in his kingdom of Elis. Epeius gained the victory, and occupied the throne after his father, and on his demise he was succeeded by Aetolus. During the funeral games which were celebrated in honour of Azan, he ran with his chariot over Apis, the son of Jason or Salmoneus, and killed him, whereupon he was expelled by the sons of Apis. (Apollod. l. c.; Paus. v. 1. § 6; Strab. viii. p. 357.) After leaving Peloponnesus, he went to the country of the Curetes, between the Achelous and the Corinthian gulf, where he slew Dorus, Laodocus, and Polypoetes, the sons of Apollo and Phthia, and gave to the country the name of Aetolia. (Apollod. Paus. ll. cc.) This story is only a mythical account of the colonisation of Aetolia. (Strab. x. p. 463.)

2. A son of Oxylus and Pieria, and brother of Laïas. He died at a tender age, and his parents were enjoined by an oracle to bury him neither within nor without the town of Elis. They accordingly buried him under the gate at which the road to Olympia commenced. The gymnasiarch of Elis used to offer an annual sacrifice on his tomb as late as the time of Pausanias. (v. 4. § 2.)